The Complete Guide to German Shepherd Puppies

by | Feb 27, 2023 | Dog Breeds, German Shepherds, Puppies

If you’re thinking of getting a German Shepherd puppy, congratulations! These intelligent and loyal dogs make wonderful companions. However, before you bring your new furry friend home, there are a few things you should know.

In this complete guide to German Shepherd puppies, we’ll cover everything you need to know to make the transition as smooth as possible. From finding a reputable breeder to training your pup, we’ve got you covered.

Finding a Reputable Breeder

When finding a German Shepherd puppy, it’s important to research and find a reputable breeder. Not all breeders are created equal, and buying from an irresponsible breeder can lead to health problems and behavioral issues down the line.

Here are a few things to look for when searching for a breeder:

Check for health clearances: A responsible breeder will have their breeding dogs tested for genetic health issues and will provide documentation of the results.

Ask for referrals: A reputable breeder should be able to provide references from other puppy buyers or their veterinarians.

Visit the breeder in person: Take the time to visit the breeder’s facility and meet their dogs. This will give you a better idea of the conditions the puppies are raised in and the temperament of the breeding dogs.

Avoid puppy mills: Avoid purchasing a puppy from a pet store or online seller, as these are often fronts for puppy mills.

Preparing for Your Puppy

Before bringing your new puppy home, there are a few things you should do to prepare. Here are some tips to get you started:

Puppy-proof your home: German Shepherd puppies are curious and love to explore. Make sure your home is safe by securing hazardous items, covering electrical cords, and blocking off off-limits areas.

Invest in quality supplies: You’ll need a few supplies, including a crate, food, water bowls, a leash and collar, and toys. Invest in high-quality items that will last, as your puppy will quickly outgrow or destroy cheap toys and accessories.

Choose a veterinarian: Finding a good veterinarian is key to keeping your puppy healthy. Ask for recommendations from other dog owners or do some research online to find a vet that specializes in German Shepherds.

Start socializing early: Early socialization is important for German Shepherd puppies to prevent fear and aggression. Expose your puppy to new people, animals, and experiences positively to build their confidence and social skills.

Training Your Puppy

Training your German Shepherd puppy is essential for their development and your relationship with them. Here are a few training tips to get you started:

Start with basic obedience: Teach your puppy basic commands like sit, stay, come, and down. Use positive reinforcement techniques like treats and praise to encourage good behavior.

Crate train your puppy: Crate training is a great way to keep your puppy safe and secure when you’re not around. Start by introducing your puppy to the crate slowly and making it a positive experience with treats and toys.

Socialize your puppy: Besides exposing your puppy to new experiences, it’s important to socialize with other dogs. Consider enrolling your puppy in a puppy class or daycare to help them learn appropriate play and interaction skills.

Be patient and consistent: Training a puppy takes time and patience. Consistency is key, so make sure everyone in your household is using the same commands and techniques.

Feeding and Exercise

Proper nutrition and exercise are important for your German Shepherd puppy’s health and well-being. Here are a few tips to keep in mind:

Choose a high-quality food: German Shepherds require a balanced diet with high-quality protein and fat sources. Look for dog food specifically formulated for large-breed puppies, and avoid foods with fillers or artificial preservatives.

Feed on a schedule: Puppies must eat several small meals throughout the day to fuel their growing bodies. Follow a feeding schedule and avoid free feeding, which can lead to overeating and weight gain.

Exercise regularly: German Shepherds are active dogs that require daily exercise to stay healthy and happy. Plan to take your puppy on walks or play games like fetch or tug-of-war to burn off excess energy.

Avoid over-exercise: While exercise is important, be careful not to over-exercise your puppy. Too much activity can lead to joint problems and other health issues.

Common Health Issues

German Shepherds are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues. Here are a few to watch out for:

Hip dysplasia: This is a genetic condition that affects the hip joints, causing pain and mobility issues. Look for a breeder who tests for hip dysplasia and avoid over-exercising your puppy to prevent this condition.

Bloat: Bloat is a life-threatening condition when a dog’s stomach fills with gas and twists. Symptoms include restlessness, vomiting, and a distended abdomen. Seek veterinary care immediately if you suspect your puppy has bloat.

Skin allergies: German Shepherds can be prone to skin allergies, which can cause itching, redness, and hot spots. Talk to your vet about the best ways to manage and prevent allergies in your puppy.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the best age to bring home a German Shepherd puppy?

Ideally, German Shepherd puppies should stay with their mother and littermates until they are at least 8-10 weeks old. This allows them to learn important socialization skills from their siblings and mother.

How often should I take my puppy to the vet?

Puppies must visit the vet several times during their first few months of life for vaccinations and check-ups. After that, your vet will recommend a schedule for routine wellness exams and preventive care.

What is the best way to house-train a German Shepherd puppy?

Consistency and patience are key when house training a puppy. Use positive reinforcement techniques like treats and praise to encourage good behavior, and establish a consistent routine for feeding and potty breaks.

Are German Shepherds good with children?

German Shepherds can make great family pets and are generally good with children. However, it’s important to supervise interactions between young children and puppies to prevent accidental injuries.

How much exercise does a German Shepherd puppy need?

German Shepherd puppies need daily exercise to stay healthy and burn off excess energy. Plan to take your puppy on walks or play games like fetch or tug-of-war for at least 30 minutes daily.


Getting a German Shepherd puppy can be a wonderful experience, but it’s important to research and prepare for raising a puppy. By finding a reputable breeder, preparing your home, and training your pup, you can set your puppy up for a happy and healthy life. Remember to prioritize proper nutrition, exercise, and preventive care to keep your furry friend in shape.